1) Columbus kidnapped a Carib woman and gave her to a crew member to rape
2) On Hispaniola, a member of Columbus’ crew publicly cut off an Indian’s ears to shock others into submission
3) Columbus kidnapped and enslaved over a thousand people on Hispaniola- According to Cuneo, Columbus ordered 1,500 men and women seized, letting 400 go and condemning 500 to be sent to Spain, and another 600 to be enslaved by Spanish men remaining on the island. About 200 of the 500 sent to Spain died on the voyage, and were thrown by the Spanish into the Atlantic (Bergreen, 196-197).
4) Columbus forced Indians to collect gold for him or else die- Columbus ordered every Indian over 14 to give a large quantity of gold to the Spanish, on pain of death. Those in regions without much gold were allowed to give cotton instead. Participants in this system were given a “stamped copper or brass token to wear around their necks in what became a symbol of intolerable shame” (Bergreen, 203).
5) About 50,000 Indians committed mass suicide rather than comply with the Spanish-The Indians destroyed their stores of bread so that neither they nor the invaders would be able to eat it. They plunged off cliffs, they poisoned themselves with roots, and they starved themselves to death. Oppressed by the impossible requirement to deliver tributes of gold, the Indians were no longer able to tend their fields, or care for their sick, children, and elderly. They had given up and committed mass suicide to avoid being killed or captured by Christians, and to avoid sharing their land with them, their fields, groves, beaches, forests, and women: the future of their people.
6) 56 years after Columbus’s first voyage, only 500 out of 300,000 Indians remained on Hispaniola– Population figures from five hundred years ago are necessarily imprecise, but Bergreen estimates that there were about 300,000 inhabitants of Hispaniola in 1492. 100,000 died between 1494 and 1496, half due to mass suicide. In 1508, the population was down to 60,000. By 1548, it was estimated to be only 500.
7) Columbus was also horrible to the Spanish under his rule- While paling in comparison to his crimes against Caribs and Taino Indians, Columbus’ rule over Spanish settlers was also brutal. He ordered at least a dozen Spaniards “to be whipped in public, tied by the neck, and bound together by the feet” for trading gold for food to avoid starvation. He ordered a woman’s tongue cut out for having “spoken ill of the Admiral and his brothers.” Another woman was “stripped and placed on the back of a donkey … to be whipped” as punishment for falsely claiming to be pregnant. He “ordered Spaniards to be hanged for stealing bread.”
8) Settlers under Columbus sold 9- and 10-year-old girls into sexual slavery– This one he admitted himself in a letter to Doña Juana de la Torre, a friend of the Spanish queen: “There are plenty of dealers who go about looking for girls; those from nine to ten are now in demand, and for all ages a good price must be paid.”
9) Indian slaves were beheaded when their Spanish captors couldn’t be bothered to untie them.- Benjamin Keen, a historian of the Spanish conquest of the Americas, noted that multiple sources confirmed accounts of “exhausted Indian carriers, chained by the neck, whose heads the Spaniards severed from their bodies so they might not have to stop to untie them.”
Teaching is incredibly difficult (and often thankless) work, yet it might just be the world’s most important job. Teachers can and do change lives every day. They inspire generations of students to think, learn, create, and accomplish things they never believed they could do.
First, thank a teacher who made a difference in your life. Whether you’re still in school or you haven’t set foot in a classroom in years, World Teachers’ Day is the perfect time for all of us to tell our teachers that their work paid off.
Hhmmm- so we want and need smart and innovated kids right? America get’s another and handcuffs him (14 yrs old). So tell me why a REAL Science teacher would not RECOGNIZE A CARDBOARD CLOCK…. Really! A Bomb! Really! It has nothing to do with Science it had everything to do with his ethnicity. Sad, but true. #outraged!
oh, and one last point, if all charges has been dropped and the school officials look like a fools in front of America..then why does this child have a 3-day suspension? #whatswrongwiththeschoolsystem?
The Nashville, Tenn. native was considered a symbol and icon of the 1960s civil rights movement. As a Morehouse College student, Bond helped found the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and as its communications director, he was on the front lines of protests that led to the nation’s landmark civil rights laws.
Bond later served as board chairman of the 500,000-member NAACP for 10 years but declined to run again for another one-year term in 2010. The SPLC said Bond was a “visionary” and “tireless champion” for civil and human rights. “With Julian’s passing, the country has lost one of its most passionate and eloquent voices for the cause of justice,” SPLC co-founder Morris Dees said in a statement. “He advocated not just for African Americans, but for every group, indeed every person subject to oppression and discrimination, because he recognized the common humanity in us all.” Bond also served in the Georgia state legislature and was a professor at American University and the University of Virginia. Read more at : http://news.yahoo.com/longtime-civil-rights-activist-bond-dead-75-064052510–politics.html
1. SEARCH FOR FLIGHTS USING A PRIVATE BROWSER
Airlines track your search history, meaning that every time you search for a specific flight, the airlines remember it and you are less likely to see a cheaper price. However, you can get around this by setting your internet browser to Private. Every browser is a little different, but in Safari you can choose from the Safari drop down at the top of your screen and choose “Private Browsing” or in Google Chrome click on the File drop down and choose “New Incognito Window.” You can also clear your cookies before every search, which helps to clear your search history.
2. DON’T JUST RELY ON MAJOR BOOKING SITES TO SEARCH FOR FLIGHTS
There are also many airlines that do not participate in major booking sites, such as Southwest, so you’ll want to go directly to those sites as well to check for up to date pricing. If you are traveling abroad, you’ll want to do a search for local airlines in that country/city. For example, when I was looking for flights between cities in Australia, I was able to find 2 local airlines – Tiger Air and JetStar, neither one that shows up on search engines. All I did was Google “Australia local and domestic airlines.” If I had relied solely on booking sites, I would have paid $150pp for a flight from Sydney to Cairns on a major airline like Air New Zealand, but instead I paid $34pp on one of the local airlines. See what a little research can save you?
3. START TRACKING PRICES
You’ll want to track the prices you find early on – usually 4-6 months ahead of time if you can. I put together a simple spreadsheet that shows the day I searched, what airline and the price, that way I have an idea when I find a cheap flight or not. Tuesdays and Thursdays are generally known as the days that the lowest prices are posted. I usually check on prices twice a week for 1-2 months; this gives me a great feel for the flight cost and I’ll easily know when I find a great price. You can sign up for automatic flight tracking on sites like Kayak, Airfare Watchdog and Fare Compare and receive email alerts when prices change or make any changes. **When you find a great deal, book it immediately! There’s always a chance that it could get lower, but that chance is usually slim. Don’t gamble with flight prices, they usually only go up!
4. SIGN UP FOR EMAIL UPDATES FOR SPECIFIC AIRLINES AND TRAVEL SITES
If you have an idea for what airlines you’ll want to fly, sign up for their email updates. For example, when I was looking into flying to New Zealand, I signed up for email updates on Air New Zealand so that if a great deal came up I would know about it. If you don’t have a specific airline in mind, sign up for a few that you know go to your destination. I have a special email address that I use for these types of emails (not my main one) so that it’s all in one spot and doesn’t clog up my inbox. It would look something like “AimeeTravelEmails@gmail.com” You can also follow specific travel bloggers and websites like Travelzoo on Twitter and Facebook so you can get up to the minute deals straight to your mobile phone.
5. BE FLEXIBLE – TRAVEL MID WEEK AND CHECK NEARBY AIRPORTS
Finally, get creative for where you fly in and out of and when. The cheapest days to fly on are Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Kayak and many airline websites allow you to look at prices over a month period so you can find the cheapest days to travel. You also want to check various airports, if you have the flexibility to do so. Most major cities have more than one airport within an hour’s drive and can sometimes mean savings of hundreds of dollars.
According to the study, these are some of the habits wealthy persons share:
Read every day.
Eighty-eight percent of wealthy individuals read 30 minutes or more each day in order to increase their knowledge — compared with 2 percent of poor persons — and 86 percent report they “love to read.”
Watch less TV. 6% of rich persons watch reality TV and 67% watch less than an hour of TV per day, whereas 78% of the poor watch reality TV and just 23% watch less than an hour a day.
Maintain good health.
Thirty percent of the rich eat more than 300 junk-food calories per day, while a whopping 97 percent of poor people eat more than 300 junk-food calories each day. Seventy-six percent of rich people do aerobic exercise at least four days a week.
Keep a to-do list.
81% of rich people have a daily to-do list, compared with just 9 percent of poor people.
Set goals. 80% of the rich set specific goals, compared with 12 percent of the poor. In addition, over 80% believe in lifelong educational self-improvement and believe good habits increase opportunity. Only 5% of the poor expressed belief in these statements.
It’s interesting to note that 68% of the 400 Americans on the Forbes “Billionaire List” are considered to be self-made: they built, rather than inherited their fortune.
The above are just a few of the habits wealthy individuals share; others include waking up at least three hours before work, listening to audio books during the daily commute and devoting at least five hours per month to networking. If wealth is your goal — and who wouldn’t like to be rich? — you can develop these habits with some persistent effort. It might be hard to turn the TV off, but doing so could be your first step toward a rich life, and one that’s rich in more than money. source: http://www.inc.com/rhett-power/what-habits-do-the-world-s-wealthiest-people-have-in-common.html