March 6, 1857 the U.S. Supreme Court declared in Dred Scott v. Sandford that “Any person descended from Africans, whether slave or free, is not a citizen of the United States, according to the Constitution.” Read “From Dred Scott to Ferguson: Missouri at the Heart of a National Debate” by historian Blair Kelly in CommonDreams.org: http://bit.ly/1waalfP The Zinn Education Project offers a classroom lesson on a people’s history of the abolition movement.Portrait by Louis Schultze/Missouri Historical Societyo
On Mar. 15, 1942, more than 1,300 Norwegian teachers were arrested by the German Nazi-installed government run by Vidkun Quisling after 12,000 of 14,000 nationwide had refused to join the new Nazi-oriented teachers’ association and resisted nazification of the curriculum. Half were held in a concentration camp outside the capital of Oslo. The rest were shipped to the Arctic for forced labor alongside Russian prisoners of war. Here is more information about this story: http://bit.ly/1MBvUdx
History shows that the SAE chants in Oklahoma are not isolated to one campus nor state. Nor are they new. Robert Cohen writes in “The Historical Roots of Fraternity Racism” about a very similar fraternity chant, along with the hanging of an effigy, when Hamilton E. Holmes and Charlayne Hunter-Gault (in photo) became the first African American students to attend UGA in January, 1961: http://bit.ly/1D6VV2B
Nash stated, “The Selma movement stands for nonviolence and peace and democracy and fairness and voting rights, and George Bush stands for just the opposite. He stands for violence and war and stolen elections, and, for goodness sake, his administration had people tortured.” Watch the Democracy Now! story for more: http://bit.ly/1E1tnTz
David Ruggles (Mar. 15, 1810 – Dec. 16, 1849) abolitionist, was born #tdih 1810. He dedicated his life to actively challenging institutionalized racism. For example, he refused to leave a passenger train when a conductor told him to get off, even though Ruggles had a ticket. He was forcibly removed and Ruggles later sued the railway company and lost his case. Ruggles lived in NYC where he operated the nation’s first African-American bookstore and library. (The store suffered arson three times). He was also the first known Black publisher in the nation and was very active in anti-slavery organizations such as the New York Vigilance Committee, helping hundreds of fugitives from slavery including Frederick Douglass. Learn more about Ruggles in this Zinn Education Project collection of profiles of Black abolitionists: http://bit.ly/NeGkGJ and a lesson on the people’s history of the abolition movement: http://bit.ly/1xTWsPt
Telegram, Jones to the President, 3/7/1965 regarding the prevention of the march of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and others from Selma to Montgomery
Fifty years ago, on March 7, 1965, hundreds of people gathered in Selma, Alabama to march to the capital city of Montgomery. They marched to ensure that African Americans could exercise their constitutional right to vote — even in the face of a segregationist system that wanted to make it impossible.
On the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, state troopers and county members violently attacked the marchers, leaving many of them injured and bloodied — and some of them unconscious. But the marchers didn’t stop. Two days later, Dr. Martin Luther King led roughly 2,500 people back to the Pettus Bridge before turning the marchers around — obeying a court order that prevented them from making the full march.
The third march started on March 21, with protection from 1,000 military policemen and 2,000 Army troops. Thousands of people joined along the way to Montgomery, with roughly 25,000 people entering the capital on the final leg of the march. On March 25, the marchers made it to the entrance of the Alabama State Capitol building, with a petition for Gov. George Wallace.
Only a few months later, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act, which President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law on August 6, 1965. The Voting Rights Act was designed to eliminate legal barriers at the state and local level that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment — after nearly a century of unconstitutional discrimination. (Whitehouse.gov 3/7/14)