Birthplace: Cuyahoga County, Ohio
James Abram Garfield, the last president to be born in a log cabin, was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, on Nov. 19, 1831. A Williams graduate, he taught school for a time and entered Republican politics in Ohio. In 1858, he married Lucretia Rudolph. During the Civil War, he had a promising career, rising to major general of volunteers; but he resigned in 1863, having been elected to the House of Representatives, where he served until 1880. His oratorical and parliamentary abilities soon made him the leading Republican in the House, though his record was marred by his unorthodox acceptance of a fee in the DeGolyer paving contract case and by suspicions of his complicity in the Credit Mobilier scandal.
In 1880, Garfield was elected to the Senate, but instead became the presidential candidate on the 36th ballot as a result of a deadlock in the Republican convention. In the election, he defeated Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, the Democratic candidate. Garfield’s administration was barely under way when he was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed office seeker, in Washington on July 2, 1881. He died in Elberton, N.J., on Sept. 19.
Did you know that today was INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAY! August 12th-Adopted In 1995, by the United Nations (UN) with the intention of establishing guidelines and policies for action and support that would lead to a brighter future for tomorrow’s youth.
“We have an obligation and a responsibility to be investing in our students and our schools. We must make sure that people who have the grades, the desire and the will, but not the money, can still get the best education possible. ” President Barack Obama. Prepare your children today: ORDER MONEY MATTERS 101. #moneymatters101 ~ order today- http://amzn.to/2aB5kqg ~ facebook: http://bit.ly/2aEGtSR
The meaning of 4 July for the Negro
James Earl Jones & Danny Glover reads excerpts from Frederick Douglass’ speech “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro” (July 5, 1852). –DemocracyNow: July 5, 2004. It is a dramatic reading from excerpts of Howard Zinn’s “The People’s History of the United States”
Did you know?
– Only John Hancock signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The others signed later.
– The stars on the original American flag were in a circle so all the Colonies would appear equal.
– The White House held its first 4th July party in 1801.
– The English word “barbecue” came from the Arawak Indians of the Caribbean. The barbacoa was a green wood grating upon which meat strips were placed to cook or dry over a slow fire.
The Plessy & Ferguson Foundation joins with McKenna Museums and Le Musée de f.p.c. on the 120 th Anniversary of the Plessy Decision, June 7, 2016, from 6:00 pm to 8:00 pm
(Le Musee de f.p.c., 2336 Esplanade Avenue, New Orleans, LA)
On June 7, 1892, Homer Adolph Plessy was arrested for sitting in the “white” only car on the East Louisiana railroad, defying a local segregation ordinance. He later became the plaintiff in a case before the U.S. Supreme Court where the Justices decided against him in the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896. May 18th marked the 120th Anniversary of the decision which legalized forced separation of the races.
Historians, legal scholars, and civil rights activists will discuss New Orleans at the forefront in the fight for civil rights. A relative of Homer Plessy, Keith Plessy will discuss his efforts to secure the Presidential Medal of Freedom for Homer A. Plessy. There will also be a special presentation by the American Judicial Alliance and entertainment by Carl Leblanc. The event is free and open to the public. RSVP http://www.facebook.com/plessyandfergusonfoundation