Birthplace: Cuyahoga County, Ohio
James Abram Garfield, the last president to be born in a log cabin, was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, on Nov. 19, 1831. A Williams graduate, he taught school for a time and entered Republican politics in Ohio. In 1858, he married Lucretia Rudolph. During the Civil War, he had a promising career, rising to major general of volunteers; but he resigned in 1863, having been elected to the House of Representatives, where he served until 1880. His oratorical and parliamentary abilities soon made him the leading Republican in the House, though his record was marred by his unorthodox acceptance of a fee in the DeGolyer paving contract case and by suspicions of his complicity in the Credit Mobilier scandal.
In 1880, Garfield was elected to the Senate, but instead became the presidential candidate on the 36th ballot as a result of a deadlock in the Republican convention. In the election, he defeated Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, the Democratic candidate. Garfield’s administration was barely under way when he was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed office seeker, in Washington on July 2, 1881. He died in Elberton, N.J., on Sept. 19.
The meaning of 4 July for the Negro
James Earl Jones & Danny Glover reads excerpts from Frederick Douglass’ speech “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro” (July 5, 1852). –DemocracyNow: July 5, 2004. It is a dramatic reading from excerpts of Howard Zinn’s “The People’s History of the United States”
Ethel Hedgeman Lyle and Nellie Quander at Great Blacks In Wax Museum. #PrettyGirls #AKA #1908 #20Pearls — at Great Blacks in Wax Museum.
The Plessy & Ferguson Foundation joins with McKenna Museums and Le Musée de f.p.c. on the 120 th Anniversary of the Plessy Decision, June 7, 2016, from 6:00 pm to 8:00 pm
(Le Musee de f.p.c., 2336 Esplanade Avenue, New Orleans, LA)
On June 7, 1892, Homer Adolph Plessy was arrested for sitting in the “white” only car on the East Louisiana railroad, defying a local segregation ordinance. He later became the plaintiff in a case before the U.S. Supreme Court where the Justices decided against him in the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896. May 18th marked the 120th Anniversary of the decision which legalized forced separation of the races.
Historians, legal scholars, and civil rights activists will discuss New Orleans at the forefront in the fight for civil rights. A relative of Homer Plessy, Keith Plessy will discuss his efforts to secure the Presidential Medal of Freedom for Homer A. Plessy. There will also be a special presentation by the American Judicial Alliance and entertainment by Carl Leblanc. The event is free and open to the public. RSVP http://www.facebook.com/plessyandfergusonfoundation
Fannie Lou Hamer was more than just the woman who coined the phrase, “I’m sick and tired of being sick and tired.” She was an American voting rights activist, civil rights leader, and philanthropist. She fought for Black women, Black men, and poor people’s right’s everywhere. Hamer worked on a plantation in Mississippi for 18…
via Fannie Lou Hamer Did Something About Being ‘Sick & Tired’ — BlackDoctor
On February 18, 1965, a young man named Jimmie Lee Jackson was shot and killed by a member of the Alabama State Police during a non-violent civil rights demonstration in Selma, Alabama. Seventeen days later, 525 civil rights activists marched from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, in protest of that killing. They were attacked by state and local police armed with billy clubs, whips, and tear gas. That day—March 7, 1965—would come to be known as “Bloody Sunday.”